How accurate are Carbon-14 and other radioactive dating methods?
See this page in: HungarianRussianSpanish. P eople who ask about carbon 14 C dating usually want to know about the why carbon dating is wrong  dating methods that are claimed to give millions and billions of years—carbon dating can only give thousands of years. People wonder how millions of years could be squeezed into the biblical account of history. Clearly, such huge time periods cannot be fitted into the Bible without compromising what the Bible says about the goodness of God and the origin of sin, why carbon dating is wrong and suffering —the reason Jesus came into the world See Six Days?
Christiansby definition, take the statements of Jesus Christ seriously. This only makes sense with a time-line beginning wrog the creation week thousands of years ago. It makes no sense at all if man appeared at the end of billions of years. Carbon has unique properties that are essential for life on Earth. One rare form has atoms that are 14 times as heavy as hydrogen atoms: Carbon is made when cosmic rays knock neutrons out of atomic nuclei in the upper atmosphere.
These displaced neutrons, now moving fast, hit ordinary nitrogen 14 N at datint altitudes, converting it into 14 C. Unlike common carbon 12 C14 C is unstable wron slowly decays, changing it back to nitrogen and releasing energy. This instability makes it radioactive. Ordinary carbon 12 C is found in the carbon dioxide CO 2 in the air, which is taken up by plants, which in turn are eaten by animals. So a bone, or a leaf or a tree, or even a piece of wooden furniture, contains carbon.
When the 14 C has been formed, like ordinary carbon 12 Cit combines with oxygen to give carbon dioxide 14 CO 2and so it also gets cycled through the cells of plants and animals. Because 14 C is so well mixed up with 12 C, we expect to find that this ratio is the same if we sample a leaf from a tree, or a part of your body. In living things, although 14 C atoms why carbon dating is wrong constantly changing back to 14 N, they are still exchanging carbon with their surroundings, so the mixture remains about the same as in the atmosphere.
However, as soon as a plant or animal dies, the 14 C atoms decay are no longer replaced, so the amount of 14 C in that once-living thing decreases as time goes on. Obviously, this works only for things which were once living. It cannot be used to date volcanic rocks, for example. The rate of decay of 14 C is such wgong half of an amount will convert back to 14 N in 5, years plus or minus 40 years. Anything over about 50, years old, should theoretically have no detectable 14 C left.
That is why radiocarbon dating cannot give millions of years. In fact, if a sample contains 14 C, it is good evidence that it is not millions of years old. However, things are not quite so simple. First, plants discriminate against carbon dioxide containing 14 C. That is, they take up less than would be expected and so they test older than they really are. Furthermore, different types of plants discriminate differently.
This also has to be corrected for. This would make things which died at that time appear older in terms of carbon dating. Then there erong a rise in 14 CO 2 with the advent of atmospheric wuy of atomic bombs in the carbin. Measurement of 14 C in historically dated objects e. Accordingly, carbon dating carefully carbin to items from historical times can be useful. However, even with such historical calibration, archaeologists do not regard 14 C dates as absolute because of frequent anomalies.
They rely more on dating methods that link into historical records. Outside the range of recorded history, calibration of the 14 C "clock is not possible. The amount of cosmic rays penetrating the Earth's atmosphere affects the amount of 14 C produced and therefore dating the system. The amount of cosmic rays wrlng the Earth varies with the sun's activity, and with the Earth's passage through magnetic clouds as the solar system travels around the Milky Way galaxy.
The strength of the Earth's magnetic field affects the amount of cosmic rays entering the atmosphere. A stronger magnetic field deflects more cosmic rays away from the Earth. Overall, the energy of the Earth's magnetic field has been why carbon dating is wrong,  so more 14 C is being produced now than in the past. This will make old things look older than they really are. Also, the Genesis flood would have greatly upset the carbon datiny. The flood buried a huge amount of carbon, which became coal, oil, etc.
Total 14 C is also proportionately lowered at this time, but whereas no terrestrial process generates any more 12 C, 14 C is continually being produced, and at a rate which does not depend on carbon levels it comes from nitrogen. Unless this effect which is additional to the magnetic field issue just discussed were corrected for, carbon dating of fossils formed in the flood would give ages much older than the true ages.
Creationist researchers have suggested that dates of 35, - 45, years should be re-calibrated to the cardiff gay speed dating date of the flood. Also, volcanoes emit much CO 2 depleted in 14 C. Since the flood was accompanied by much volcanism see Noah's Flood…Fating did animals get from the Ark to isolated places?
In summary, the carbon method, when corrected for the effects of the flood, can give useful results, but needs why carbon dating is wrong be applied carefully. It does not give dates of millions why carbon dating is wrong years and when corrected properly fits well with the biblical flood. There are various other radiometric dating methods used today to give ages of millions or billions of years for rocks. These techniques, unlike carbon dating, mostly use the relative concentrations of parent and daughter products in radioactive decay chains.
For example, potassium decays to argon; uranium decays to lead via other elements like radium; uranium decays to lead; rubidium decays to strontium; etc. These techniques are applied to igneous rocks, and are normally seen as giving the time since solidification. The isotope concentrations can be measured very accurately, but why carbon dating is wrong concentrations are not dates.
To derive ages from such measurements, unprovable assumptions have to be made such as:.