Doesn’t Carbon-14 Dating Disprove the Bible?
Looks like you are using an old version of Internet Explorer - Please update your browser. If you already have an account, Sign in. Scientists use a technique called radiometric dating to estimate the ages of rocks, fossils, and the earth. Many people have been led to believe that radiometric dating methods have proved the earth to be billions of years old. With our focus on one particular form of radiometric dating—carbon dating—we will see that carbon dating christian view of carbon dating supports a young earth.
Note that, contrary to a popular misconception, carbon dating is not used to date rocks at millions of years old. Before we get christian view of carbon dating the details of vview radiometric dating methods are used, we need to review some preliminary concepts from chemistry. Recall that atoms are the basic building blocks datinf matter. Atoms are made up of much smaller particles called protons, neutrons, and electrons.
Protons and neutrons make up the center nucleus of the atom, and electrons form shells around the nucleus. The number of protons in christian view of carbon dating nucleus of an atom determines the element. For example, all carbon atoms have 6 protons, all atoms of nitrogen have 7 protons, and all oxygen atoms have 8 protons.
The number of neutrons in the nucleus can vary in any given type of atom. So, a carbon atom might have six neutrons, or seven, or possibly christian view of carbon dating it would always have six protons. The illustration below shows the three isotopes of carbon. Vkew are two main applications for radiometric dating. One is for potentially dating fossils once-living things using carbon dating, and the other is christian view of carbon dating dating rocks and the age of the earth using uranium, potassium and other radioactive atoms.
The atomic number corresponds to the number of protons in an atom. Atomic mass is a combination of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus. The electrons are so much lighter that they do not contribute significantly to the mass of an atom. Carbon 14 Calso referred to as radiocarbon, is claimed to be a reliable dating method for determining the age of fossils up to 50, to 60, years. If this claim is true, the biblical account of a young earth about 6, years is in question, since 14 C dates of tens of thousands of years are common.
God knows just what He meant to say, and His understanding of science is infallible, whereas ours is fallible. So we should never think it necessary to modify His Word. Since the Bible is the inspired Word datinh God, we should examine the validity of the standard interpretation of 14 C dating by asking several questions:.
All radiometric dating methods use scientific procedures in the present to interpret what has happened in the past. The procedures used are not necessarily in question. The interpretation of past events is in question. The secular evolutionary worldview interprets the universe and world to be billions of years old. The Bible teaches a young universe and earth.
Which worldview does science support? Can carbon dating help solve the mystery of which worldview is more accurate? The use of carbon dating is often misunderstood. Carbon is mostly used to date once-living things organic material. It cannot be og directly to date rocks; however, it can potentially be used to put time constraints on some inorganic material christian view of carbon dating as diamonds diamonds could contain carbon Because of the rapid rate of decay of 14 C, it can only give dates in the thousands-of-year range and not millions.
There are three different naturally occurring varieties isotopes of carbon: Carbon is used for dating because it is unstable radioactivewhereas 12 C and 13 C are stable. Christian view of carbon dating means that 14 C will decay emit radiation over time and become a different element. If 14 C is constantly decaying, will the earth eventually run out of 14 C?
The answer is no. Carbon is constantly being added to the atmosphere. These cosmic rays collide with atoms in the atmosphere and can cause them to come apart. Neutrons that come from these fragmented atoms collide with 14 N atoms the atmosphere is made mostly of nitrogen and oxygen and convert them into 14 C sim dating games online 2012 the neutron is accepted and a proton is ejected from the nucleus.
Once 14 C is produced, it combines with oxygen in the atmosphere 12 C behaves like 14 Christian view of carbon dating and also combines with oxygen to form carbon dioxide CO 2. Because CO 2 gets incorporated into plants which means the food we eat contains 14 C and 12 Call living things should have the same ratio of 14 C and 12 C in them as in the air we breathe. Once a living thing dies, the dating process begins.
As long as an christian view of carbon dating is alive it will chrlstian to take in 14 C; however, when it dies, it will stop. Since 14 C is radioactive decays into 14 Nthe amount of 14 C in a dead organism gets less and less over time. Therefore, part of the dating process involves measuring the amount of 14 C that remains after some has been lost decayed.
In order to actually do the dating, other things need to be known. Two such things include the following questions:. The decay rate of radioactive elements is described in terms christian view of carbon dating half-life. The half-life of an atom is the amount of time it takes for half of the atoms in a sample to decay. The half-life of 14 C is 5, years. For example, a jar oc with all 14 C atoms at time zero will contain half 14 C atoms and half 14 N atoms at the end of 5, years one half-life.
At the end of 11, years two half-lives the jar will vie one-quarter 14 C atoms and three-quarter 14 N atoms. Since the half-life of 14 C is known how fast it decaysthe only part hcristian to determine is the starting amount of 14 C in a fossil. If scientists know the original amount of 14 C in a creature when it chrisgian, they can measure the current amount and then calculate how many oc christian view of carbon dating passed.
Since no one was there to measure the amount of 14 C when a creature died, scientists need to find a method to determine how much 14 C has decayed. To do this, scientists use the main isotope of carbon, called carbon 12 C. Because 12 C is a stable isotope of carbon, it will remain constant; however, the amount of 14 C will decrease after a creature dies.